Sunday, July 19, 2020

How Individual Therapy Works

How Individual Therapy Works Phobias Treatment Print How Individual Therapy Works Psychoanalysis and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy By Lisa Fritscher Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics. Learn about our editorial policy Lisa Fritscher Updated on February 23, 2020 Blend Images - Ned Frisk/Getty Images More in Phobias Treatment Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Types Individual therapy is a form of therapy in which the client is treated on a one-on-one basis with a therapist. The most popular form of therapy, individual therapy may encompass many different treatment styles including psychoanalysis and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Individual therapy allows the therapist and client to focus on each other, building a rapport and working together to solve the clients issue. However, psychoanalysis and related therapies may progress for months or even years, while brief therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy can produce results in just a few sessions. What Is Psychoanalytic Treatment? Psychoanalytic treatment involves exploring the organization of the personality and reorganizing it in a way that addresses deep conflicts and defenses. According to the principles of psychoanalysis, curing a phobia is only possible by identifying and solving the initial conflict. Psychoanalysis is the form of therapy often seen in old movies where a client lies on a couch with the psychoanalyst seated near his or her head. The psychoanalyst does not inject his or her own opinions  but allows the client to transfer feelings onto the analyst. Psychoanalysis is not as popular today as it was a few decades ago, but is still a treatment used to address deep seated personality issues. The process is generally lengthy, often lasting for many years. It also tends to be expensive, as analysts must undergo extensive training after their regular psychiatry or psychology training is complete. What Is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy? Cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, enables you to manage your fears by helping you gradually change the way you think. Its based on the interconnectedness of thoughts, beliefs, feelings,  and behaviors. A phobia sufferer believes that the feared situation is inherently dangerous. This belief leads to negative automatic thoughts that occur as soon as the feared situation is encountered and the automatic thoughts lead to a phobic behavioral reaction. It may take several CBT sessions to counteract this thought pattern. In order to accomplish this, the therapist can help you overcome your fear with incremental steps. Techniques commonly used in cognitive-behavioral therapy draw from the schools of behaviorism and learning theory as well as the school of cognitive theory. Group Therapy for Phobias The alternative to individual treatment is group therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a common type of group therapy. CBT sessions for phobias may call the therapy session a seminar. The duration may be one hour or several days. A group of people with a fear of flying, for example, may assemble at an airport hotel for the weekend, where they might engage in a combination of psychoeducational classes and exposure sessions inside the airport. Find Help With the 9 Best Online Therapy Programs

Thursday, June 25, 2020

Insights and Adventures Of An Incoming Med Student

This interview is the latest in an Accepted.com blog series featuring  interviews with medical school applicants and students, offering readers a behind-the-scenes look at  top medical schools and the med school application process. And now, introducing Jessica†¦ Accepted: Wed like to get to know you! Where are you from? Where and what did you study as an undergrad? What is your favorite ice cream flavor? Jessica: Great! I’d love for you to get to know me as well! I am from a small town in Southern California, and I studied Cell/Molecular Biology during undergrad. My favorite ice cream? I LOVE mint chocolate chip – specifically, the kind from Thrifty’s. Accepted: Where are you in med school? What year? Jessica: I am an incoming MS1 at a wonderful school here on the West Coast. I love my school, because it focuses on raising physician leaders who will go on to serve in underserved communities. Accepted: Whats your favorite class so far? Jessica: As of now, I have not begun the official curriculum, but I am looking forward to topics that deal with Genetics and Molecular Biology. Accepted: Did you go straight from college to med school? Or did you take time off? (If you took time off, how did you spend your time?) Jessica: No, I did not go straight to medical school from college. I finished undergrad in December, and worked full-time until matriculation. In addition to working, I went on mini-adventures throughout California, and experienced this great state as a tourist would. Accepted: Looking back, what was the most challenging aspect of the med school admissions process? How did you approach that challenge and overcome it? Jessica: I think the most difficult part of the process was post-interview. There were times when I left an interview and felt as though I presented myself well, but then I would receive an admissions decision contrary to what I had believed. These adverse decisions were difficult for me to process, because I believed there was something wrong with me. Those negative feelings were indeed real, but I decided to change my perspective on the application cycle. Instead of basking in those feelings, I chose to acknowledge them and change how I viewed an adverse decision. It was not because there was something wrong with me, rather I was not a good fit at a particular school. By changing how I viewed these decisions, I was able to process my feelings in a healthy manner, and not take things personally. In addition, I was able to encourage others who struggled with similar feelings. Accepted: Can you tell us about your blog? When did you start blogging? What have you gained from the experience? Jessica: Sure! I began Operation: Med Student because I felt I had a lot to say, but no place to say it. I wanted to find an avenue that: 1. allowed free self-expression 2. created a place where I could encourage future applicants and 3. allowed my family and friends to stay updated on my life as I transitioned into medical school. The latter was of most importance, because medical school will require most of my time and I did not want my relationships to suffer. In March of 2015, I began to blog and I absolutely love the experience. I love connecting with current and future applicants, talking about musical interests and discovering new bloggers. From this experience, I learned that it is healthy, if not necessary, to find an avenue to release your feelings. It could be through journaling, singing, dancing†¦literally, anything! It is something that I highly recommend to those who struggle with expressing themselves. Accepted: On your blog you talk a lot about your adventures. Can you share some highlights? Jessica: As far as my adventures, I think one highlight was my recent trip to San Francisco. It was an absolutely amazing and freeing experience. There, I was able to attend a food festival called â€Å"Off The Grid,† and had a fusion chicken and waffle sandwich. I am an avid foodie and I must say it was delicious! Accepted: And last but not least†¦your thoughts on boba and K-barb? Jessica: What is boba and K-barb? Well, boba pearls are made of tapioca and can be put in hot or cold drinks such as teas or smoothies. You have to try it! K-barb, short for Korean BBQ, is a unique experience that allows you to cook your meal yourself. You have a choice of several meats and sides (i.e. marinated chicken, brisket, kimchi) that can be used to create your own delectable meals! You can follow Jessica’s med school adventure by checking out her blog, Operation: Med Student. Thank you Jessica for sharing your story with us! For one-on-one guidance on your med school applications, please see our catalog of med school admissions services. Do you want to be featured in Accepted.coms blog, Accepted Admissions Blog? If you want to share your med school journey with the world (or at least with our readers), email us at bloggers@accepted.com. Related Resources: †¢ 5 Fatal Flaws to Avoid in Your Med School Essays  [Free Guide] †¢Ã‚  Getting Into Medical School: Advice from a Pro  [Podcast] †¢ 5 Mistakes to Avoid During M1

Thursday, May 21, 2020

TeD Bundy Free Essay Example, 1250 words

Ted would say later that they were not "overly religious. " While there, she met a man named Johnny Bundy who she eventually married. Bundy never officially adopted her "brother" Ted attended the wedding in 1951 as the "younger brother" of the bride (Rule, p. 9). Bundy never adopted Ted so his brothers and sisters were only half brothers and sisters. Teds mother gave him Bundys last name so there would be no questions as he started school. With the older Bundy, Teds mother had four other children, and the youngest was born when Ted was 15 (Michauld and Aynesworth, p. 18). Teds first friends were his cousins who were close to his age. Ted was often asked to babysit his half siblings and he did so without complaint. This did not allow him to go to activities with other kids his age but by this time he had become a loner and shied away from contact with other people. Ted never accepted that this new guy Bundy was his father, nor did he acknowledge that this man had anything to do with h im; he was a Cowell, which was the name of his grandparents and the other family members. By the time Ted graduated from high school he had bee in trouble with the law twice as a juvenile. We will write a custom essay sample on TeD Bundy or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Impact Of Globalization On Cultural Diversity

Nowadays, the traditional cultures are disappearing since diverse cultures play a critical role in the society. Many people have been experiencing the negative effects of the globalization process. This paper will be focused on the impact of globalization on cultural diversity. First, it is about the concept of multiculturalism which is an adequate concept of culture today. Second, it will be explained about the difference of cultures which are supposed to considered equal by defining the term minority and providing an example of a minority group. Third, discussing the influence that globalization has on multiculturalism. Lastly, discussing why there is no one who can afford to ignore the issue of multiculturalism. There is not much point†¦show more content†¦Some people feel that we are all equal no matter what our race, religion, beliefs are. I believe that is correct to an extent. I think that we should all be treated the same, but at the same time we are all different an d that is something that should be embraced. People may have different traditions, different beliefs, different ways of thinking, and they may look different, but that doesn’t mean that we don’t all have a purpose. There are many different things that can be classified as characteristics of diversity; however, the four main ones are age, gender, ethnicity, and education. According to (Furooq,2011), the workforce to this date is getting progressively older and most of the employees employed to this date are under the age of thirty-five. This is a result of a few different factors, the first being that birth rate is declining. Also because of the advancement in medical field and healthcare, which has led to a longer production of workers as well. Due to their being older workers, of course, adjustments must be made. â€Å"Organizations must begin to listen to their older employees, determine how their needs are different from their younger workers experience that older employees have to offer† (Farooq, 2011). According to (Furooq 2011), the latest statistics show that women are still being paid less than men. I still think that men and women can learn a lot from each other even in the work force. Women have a more delicate and kind approach, while men have aShow MoreRelatedeffects of globlization1124 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Health Globalization has both positive and negative effects about one of the major concerns, health. The health care is primarily affected by globalization is through the increasing and worsening of internationalization of various health risks. However, if you will have to define the terms and other dimensions of the health risks such as; Technological, economic, social, political and cultural as well as scientific aspects. The linkages between health care and globalization are quite complexRead MoreThe World A Global Village1644 Words   |  7 Pagesplaces through colonialism, economic transformations, media culture, and many social-cultural paradigms, which seem to be making the world a global village. From the past, historians and sociologists have looked at how these dynamic changes affect humanity, and the role they play in shaping the future of social human interaction as it is known. All together, there has been an escalation of cultural globalization, which is a phenomenon that is experienced in daily life. This phenomenon is influencedRead MoreCharacteristics Of New Media1211 Words   |  5 Pages3. GLOBALIZATION AND NEW MEDIA: The New Media have five distinctive characteristics: digitality, convergency, interactivity, hypertextuality, and virtuality (Chen Zhang, 2010; Flew, 2005; Lister, Dovery, Giddings, Grant, Kelly, 2009). First, digitalization is the most prominent feature of new media. New media or digital media dematerializes media text by converting data from analog into digital form, which allows all kind of mathematical operations. New media also makes it possible for a largeRead MoreAnalysis : Managing Across Borders1132 Words   |  5 Pagesmajor impact on the effectiveness of the communicational process. Many studies have highlighted the fact that culture influences the way of thinking of an individual that can have major impact on the communication pattern of the strategies (Mazanec et al. 2015). For that reason, organizations often try to develop effective strategies to utilize cultural diversity for capturing different perspectives to a particular decision. Specifically, globalization has made proper management of cultural diversityRead MoreGlobalization : A World Wide Movement Essay1267 Words   |  6 PagesGlobalization is a phenomenon, a world wide movement where nations and communities come together and form a network. Throughout the course we explored the integration and interdependence of various nations, which ultimately shapes world affairs on a global level.Evidently, growth of the developing countries is the main cause of globalization and it brings both opportunities and disadvantages to them. There are numerous ways in which globalization has impacted the world today.The course also createdRead MoreGlobalization And Its Effects On Society1011 Words   |  5 Pagesworld have interacted and integrated with each other. This is called globalization. Globalization has reformed almost every industry and affects billions of lives whether you realize it or not. Around the world, people view international trade as a good thing but this is hindered by concerns about its side effects. To find the balance between pros and cons associated with globalization, citizens everywhere need to know how globalization works. This includes its effects on the environment, culture, politicalRead MoreCultural Integration Within The World1264 Words   |  6 PagesCultural integration is quite complicated concept as it can be interpreted and understood differently by many people. Scholars having been researching cultural integration around the world in the last two centuries. Some scholars have ex plained this term satisfactorily. One of these scholars is Durkheim (1951), as he thinks that cultural integration is a process in which individuals or groups of social system can interconnect effectively. In other words, cultural integration concerns the evolutionRead MoreThe Influence of Organizational Culture on Organizational Functionality861 Words   |  3 PagesTerestre. 1( 61): 75-82. Globalization has brought the world closer in communication, economics, politics, and especially business. The Internet and technological improvements have allowed instantaneous communication almost anywhere, and even poor women in India are using Smartphones to manage their banking portfolios. The idea of globalism continues to break down cultural barriers. As this continues it will be essential for organizations to not only understand, but embrace cultural differences and stylesRead MoreGlobalization and Education1373 Words   |  6 PagesScientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)’s Bureau of Strategic Planning (2004) reported that globalization has not only contributed to the greater exchanges of ideas and awareness of the uniqueness of individual cultures and societies, but has highlighted the fundamental differences that result from these unique characteristics. There are many advantages for societies and cultures as they become increasingly interconnected (Heimonen, 2012) through the process of globalization. InterconnectednessRead MoreCulture And Diversity : An Instrumental Aspect Of The Business Environment Essay1182 Words   |  5 PagesExecutive summary Culture and diversity has been an instrumental aspect of the business environment for a few decades now. While globalization is singled out as its enhancer, it is far from its inceptor. Managers have had to deal with diversity for years, through the contemporary environment has realized an influx in this particular phenomenon (Mor-Barak, 2011). In the contemporary business, environment has become more complex with the degree of diversity that is being witnessed. Managers have to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Effects Of Caffeine On Students s Daily Life Essay

Just like how modern technology has been embedded into lives of students, caffeine has become a necessity in student’s daily life as well. The workload of a college student can be overwhelming and it drives students to rely on caffeine. When they rely on caffeine for their body to function, they overlook an important aspect of their health conditions which is the absence of sleep. Students can be at risk for consuming too much caffeine especially when now a days, students lose track of their daily intake. Although there are beneficial aspect of caffeine that offer students to be at their optimal performance in their daily task. College campus such as UW-Madison have multiples coffee shop. This encouraging environment creates habits for student to intake caffeine. It is beautifully designed to target students. All dining halls sells coffee, the badger market sells coffee, Starbucks, and multiple cafà © around State Street are also representing their own coffee. Multiple shops also sells coffee beans for homemade coffee. The temptation of coffee can be irresistible. Many drink coffee because it increase their energy and concentration. Insufficient sleep is common among students and the extra jolt of energy they get from coffee helps them complete their daily task. Due to this, coffee is heavily relied on. Coffee is not the only source of caffeine that students relied on. Energy drink is also popular among the students as well. According to a survey study by Brenda MShow MoreRelatedEnergy Drinks: Liquid Meth?1201 Words   |  5 PagesENC1101 5 February 2013 Energy Drinks: Liquid Meth? Over the last decade, drinks containing high amounts of caffeine, sugar, and other ingredients that increase energy have been rapidly growing in popularity. Clearly these beverages are known as energy drinks. Energy drinks have gotten so popular that it is extremely rare to find a convenience store that doesn’t sell a variety of them. Students use energy drinks to cram the night before a test, athletes use them to exercise, party animals mix them withRead MoreCaffeine Synthesis1722 Words   |  7 PagesPaper Many Americans have included caffeine as a part of their daily diet whether they realize it or not. In fact, â€Å"caffeine is the most consumed psychoactive substance in the world† (Ruxton How is this instead (Caffeine is especially common throughout†¦) 15). It is found very especially commonly throughout every day foods and consumed mostly though through coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate (Spiller 200). Many Americans participate in the use of caffeine; it is estimated that 90% of adultsRead MoreSleep Is The Body s Way Of Cleansing1556 Words   |  7 PagesSleep is essential; every living things needs sleep. Sleep is the body s way of cleansing itself; without it our bodies could not function. Sleep has multiple health benefits effecting every aspect of our lives; sleep is so essential for the body that humans spend 1/3 of their lives asleep. Humans have been fascinated with sleep throughout history; several early scientist like Aristotle in 350 CE who formed a hypothesis that sleep was a form of physical renewal (Borel, 2014). Humans know littleRead MoreThe Detrimental Effects of Soda and Cola1031 Words   |  5 PagesThe Detrimental Effects of Soda What is your favorite soda? Coke? Do you know what is in soda? Cutting down on soda can lead to a healthy and better lifestyle. Studies show that soda, though it tastes good, has many negative effects that outweigh the positive effects. Soda, especially diet, is detrimental to the health of your body. My cousin s teacher did an experiment with coke. She put a tooth in coke and left it for at least a week. The next time they checked the tooth had disintegratedRead MoreSpeech On Sleep Deprivation And College Students1305 Words   |  6 PagesSpecific Purpose: Sleep and college students usually don’t tend to get along very well. Sleep and college life often bump heads due to stress, coursework and social activities. This speech will give the students useful information about dangers of not getting enough sleep and also hints on how to get a better nights sleep. INTRODUCTION A. Attention Getter: Did you know 40% of Americans or (100 million people) are moderately to severely sleep-deprived? Students in college are among the most sleepRead MoreA Study On The History Of Coffee Essay1621 Words   |  7 Pagesseeds to new lands to be planted worldwide. Part II: The Significance of Coffee in Modern Life Every day, the modern world consumes 300 tons of caffeine, or one cup of coffee for every man, woman, and child. Coffee is the second most traded commodity on Earth, after oil. The world’s largest buyer of coffee is now the United States, which has to import nearly all of this as the coffee trees from which caffeine is harvested will only grow at commercial levels between the Tropic of Cancer and the TropicRead MoreHealth Promotion And Disease Prevention Program Essay1556 Words   |  7 Pagesfor improving health nationwide. Healthy People 2020 has determined sleep-health as a concerning issue, and aims to increase public knowledge of how adequate sleep and treatment of sleep disorders improve health, productivity, wellness, quality of life, and safety on roads and in the workplace (ODPHP, n.d.). Studies this program have complied show that a quarter of adults in the US report sleep health as a common problem. That is, at least every other day these adults find they do not re ceive adequateRead MoreLack of Healthy Awareness Among Students3695 Words   |  15 PagesProcedure 6 3.5 Data Analysis 6 4.0 FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 7 4.1 To know the level of awareness of IIUM students about their body condition 8 4.2 To investigate what IIUM students do to fill their leisure time 9 4.3 To find out how students lead their daily life routine 11 4.4 To know the effects if students practicing unhealthy lifestyle. 13 4 CONCLUSION 15 5 RECOMMENDATIONS 16 6 REFERENCES 17 7 APPENDICESRead MoreSample Iep Plan And Identifying 3 Components Of An Iep1319 Words   |  6 Pages1. Take a look at the sample IEP Plan and identify 3 components of an IEP. The Student Performance Profile indicates and contains information that was gathered during Step 1: Prereferral was initiated. Initial Concern demonstrated by the accurate data that was collected, namely â€Å"Morgan’s inappropriate behavior of self-injury, hitting or biting others, and repeating questions she is asked.† The exhaustive Testing which Morgan underwent reflects that fact that Step 2: Referral was implementedRead MoreInvestigation of the Effect of Caffeine on Human Reaction Speed2353 Words   |  9 PagesInvestigation of the Effect of Caffeine on Human Reaction Speed Introduction This lab report will be exploring whether or not human simple reaction speed is affected by the consumption of around 130ml of a caffeinated beverage. This report will also assess whether or not there is any correlation between regular caffeine consumers, and a change in reaction time. This experiment, even though had ought to produce inaccurate data due to the lack of control variables, proved to be worthwhile as the

Essay on Counter culture / Hackers - 1346 Words

Why Hackers Do The Things They Do? Hackers. You know them as gangly kids with radiation tans caused by too many late nights in front of a computer screen. Evil beings who have the power to wipe out your credit rating, cancel your cable TV, raise your insurance premiums, and raid your social security pension. Individuals who always avert their eyes and mumble under their breath about black helicopters and CIA transmissions. Paranoid, social deviants who could start World War III from the privacy of their bedrooms. Or so the mainstream media would have you believe. In reality, most hackers are ordinary people with a great deal of curiosity, above-average skills with a computer, a good understanding of human nature, and plenty of time to†¦show more content†¦They do, however, use it within their group to stratify themselves. Hackers with the most information gain the highest prestige within the community. They also gain a great deal of power from that information. Most people cannot cancel the phone service of those who upset them. To a truly proficient hacker, this is not a very difficult problem. Hacking involves the accumulation of knowledge, which is accompanied by the greater status and power. To almost all computer professionals the actions of hackers are despicable and justify all sorts of nasty punishments. I fully agree that hacking is a criminal offense and should be prosecuted. The only thing that bothers me from a moral standpoint is that these criminals are essentially the cyberspace equivalent of teenage vandals. They do not know the implications of what they are doing. These people are displaying situational morality, and their actions are random, yet predictable. Many professionals argue that the cause why hackers hack is about the same as any other criminal. It mostly has to do with their families, and friends and the environment they grew up in. I agree with professionals at this point and I believe that the issue goes back to how they are raised. I am not saying that these people have bad parents. I think that while parents go around telling their children not to do drugs, to study hard in school, etc., they do not tell their children that it is bad toShow MoreRelatedHacking And The Social Learning Theory1365 Words   |  6 Pagesapproves of definitions favorable to deviance, the more likely they will participate in that behavior (Morris Higgins, 2010). Hacking and the Social Learning Theory The social learning theory views hackers as individuals who are socialized into breaking rules through peer-association. A majority of hackers are young and learn from their friends in a type of communal environment. Studies show that this behavior takes place in a distinctive socio-cultural context and â€Å"communal† structure. Just likeRead MoreCyber Security and Technology Essay1097 Words   |  5 Pagescouple of weeks depending on the time period or it may not have been possible to obtain that book. But now people can access a vast amount of information in a matter of minutes. Example, in modern times if someone wanted to know about a different culture they could simple look up the information on a computer or any device that had access to internet. People can also store sensitive information in cyberspace data such as finances, personal or informative. Cyberspace is capable of holding a whole historyRead MoreSocial Darwinism in Cyberpunk Literature Essay1305 Words   |  6 PagesSocial Darwinism of the nineteenth century contains several facets such as political, corporate, and individual forms of the theory. Although all these facets are found in Cyberpunk literature the genre mainly depicts the lower class of Americas culture fighting for survival. Many may argue this drive to survive, this Social Darwinism, can be found in genres other than Cyberpunk. In some ways that idea is true about Social Darwinism. For instance, the movie The Godfather had the Mafia familiesRead More Cybercrimes Reflected through Television Programs Essay1092 Words   |  5 PagesCybercrimes are a culture which has facilitated technological criminal efforts to undermine government and private organizations in order to create disruption and panic on a large scale. Today’s television programming takes a series of intelligence type action roles, which prove the impact of post 9/11 computer crimes which has increased nationwide fears. The television series 24 is an action drama featuring a make belief personality known as Jack Bauer. Bauer is a counter-terrorist agent who worksRead MoreThe Culture Of Shut Up By Jon Lovett Essay1431 Words   |  6 Pagesconcept of unlimited compatibility and get around the drawbacks. Within the internet and all the ideas and saying that are flooded into the streams of computer-human interactions there will always be room for backlash and critique. In the article â€Å"The Culture of Shut Up† Jon Lovett produces his ideas on how society needs to get a grip on the endless amount of connectedness that spawns from the internet and how people must deal with the fact of how unreserved it is. When someone says something, a personRead MoreReactions to the Boston Marathon Bombing Essay1184 Words   |  5 Pagesknown for being a loose association of unidentified individuals who use internet technology to carry out hacks on the web in the name of protest. According to Gabriella Coleman (2012), â€Å"Anonymous† began on the internet forum 4chan, and grew from the culture on that site (paragraph 1). 4chan (n.d.) describes itself as â€Å"...[A] simple image-based bulletin board where anyone can post comments and share images.† (What is 4chan? section, para. 1) The site notes that the name â€Å"Anonymous† came from the monikerRead MoreFice Of Personnel Management Essay1715 Words   |  7 Pagesto the fundamental principles of security practice: the Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA triad), combined with risk management policies we have learn in the previous weeks, as well as incorporating the importance of organizational culture that could lead to a path of preventative cybersecurity. Later in the paper we will examine further on the fundamentals of security practice that would create strong cyber defense posture. EFFECTIVE CYBERSECURITY AND RISK MANAGEMENTRead MoreCyber Crimes Reflected Through Television Programs800 Words   |  4 PagesCyber Crimes Reflected Through Television Programs Cybercrimes are a culture which has facilitated technological criminal efforts to undermine government and private organizations in order to create disruption and panic on a large scale. Today’s television programming takes a series of intelligence type action roles, which prove the impact of post 9/11. Computer crimes have increased nationwide fears. The television series 24 is an action drama featuring a make believe personality known as JackRead MoreEssay on The Hacker Community 2575 Words   |  11 PagesHackers are typically defined as individuals that gain unauthorized access to another person’s computer. Although that definition is rather specific it can be broadened to include other illegal activities such as â€Å"phishing†, which can be done on its own and may be separate from hacking. The hacker community is what is contended to be an â€Å"imagined community† meaning they occupy no singular geographic location, like members of a community l ike Rosedale, nor have they have any set guidelines for becomingRead MoreA Complete Risk Mitigation Strategy997 Words   |  4 Pagesproject. Background Planning, Asset Analysis, Threat Analysis, vulnerability Analysis, Risk Identification, Risk Analysis, Risk Treatment, Monitoring Risk. Select an accrediting body to ensure IA is not only a process but a part of organizational culture going forward While in most cases certification and accreditation is often received from a governmental body some are also received from international sources as well. During this section I will identify the different body’s and provide the differences

Invention and Tradition Free Essays

Adaptations are widespread and universal. Adaptation problems – content, structure, and intertextual politics. Hutcheon wishes to consider adaptations as lateral, not vertical. We will write a custom essay sample on Invention and Tradition or any similar topic only for you Order Now One does not experience adaptations successively starting from the original work, rather the works are a large collection to be navigated. One might see an adaptation before the original. Hutcheon also wishes to view adaptations as adaptations, not as independent works. Three ways of story engagement: telling, showing, and interactivity. Adaptations also dominate their own media. The most heavily awarded films are adaptations. Hutcheon suggests that the pleasure of adaptation from the perspective of the consumer comes from a simple repetition of a beloved story with variation. To borrow Michael Alexander’s term, adaptations are palimpsestuous works, works that are haunted by their adapted texts. Hutcheon wishes to avoid resorting to fidelity criticism, which originates in the (often false) idea that the adapters wish to reproduce the adapted text. There are many reasons why adapters may wish to adapt, which can be as much to critique as to pay homage. There are three dimensions to looking at adaptations: as a formal entity or a product, as a process of creation, or as a process of reception. Adaptation is simultaneously a process and a product. Hutcheon distinguishes between adaptations and sequels and fanfiction. Sequels and fanfiction are means of not wishing a story to end. This is a different goal than the recreation done by adapting a work. There is a legal term to define adaptations as â€Å"derivative works†, but this is complex and problematic. Adaptation commits a literary heresy that form (expression) and content (ideas) can be separated. To any media scholar, form and content are inextricably tied together, thus, adaptations provide a major threat and challenge, because to take them seriously suggests that form and content can be somehow taken apart. This raises another difficult question: what is the content of an adaptation? What is it that is actually adapted? One might consider this to be the â€Å"spirit† or â€Å"tone† of a work. Adapting a work to be faithful to the spirit may justify changes to the letter or structure in the adaptation. In my perspective, the content of adaptations is (or should be) the world of the adapted text. Hutcheon specifically addresses videogames and how they engage in activity beyond problem solving. She suggests that if a film has a 3 act structure, then gameplay is only the second act. Excluding the introduction and the resolution, gameplay is tied up with solving problems and working to resolve conflicts. Games adapt a heterocosm: â€Å"What gets adapted here is a heterocosm, literally an â€Å"other world† or cosmos, complete, of course, with the stuff of a story–settings, characters, events, and situations. † (p. 14) A game adaptation shares a truth of coherence with the adapted text. The format may require a point of view change (for example, in the Godfather game, where the player takes on the role of an underling working his way up). Other novels are not easily adapted because the novel focuses on the â€Å"res cogitans†, the thinking world, as opposed to the world of action. This is a point that I would disagree with Hutcheon’s assessment, I think that even the thinking world of a novel abides by rules and mechanics, that these mechanics may be simulated or expressed computationally, but they may not be suited to the conventions of action and spatial navigation popular in games right now. Hutcheon notes that some works have a greater propensity for adaptation than others, or are more â€Å"adaptogenic† (Groensteen’s term). For instance, melodramas are more readily adapted into operas and musicals, and one could extend that argument to describe how effects films tend to get adapted into games. This may be due to the fact that there are genre conventions that might be common to both media. Adaptation may be seen as a product or a process, the product oriented perspective treats it as a translation (in various senses), or as a paraphrase. The product oriented perspective is dependent on a particular interpretation. As a process, it is a combination of imitation (mimesis) and creativity. Unsuccessful adaptations often fail (commercially) due to a lack of creativity on behalf of the adapters. There is a process of both imitating and creating something entirely new, but in order to create a successful adaptation, one must make the text one’s own. There is an issue of intertextuality when the reader is familiar with the original text. But there can become a corpus of adaptations, where the subsequent works are adaptations of the earlier ones, rather than the adapted text itself. This as been the case of texts which have had prolific series of adaptations, such as Dracula films (Hutcheon’s example), as well as Jane Austen’s works. These works are â€Å"multilaminated†, they are referential to other texts, and these references form part of the text’s identity, as a node within a network of connected texts. A final dimension is the reader’s engagement, their i mmersion. Readers engage with adaptations with different mdoes of engagement. â€Å"Stories, however, do not consist only of the material means of their transmission (media) or the rules that structure them (genres). Those means and those rules permit and then channel narrative expectations and communicate narrative meaning to someone in some context, and they are created by someone with that intent. † (p. 26) Adaptations are frequently â€Å"indigenized† into new cultures. When texts supply images to imageless works, they permanantly change the reader’s experience of the text. For example, due to the films, we now know what a game of Quiddich looks like (and due to the games, we now can know tactics and strategies), or what Tolkien’s orcs look like. How to cite Invention and Tradition, Papers